By- Annita Kirwa (UNU-EHS, M.Sc Student)
Photo by: Anson Pulivelil
How many more species can we afford to lose before we understand its harmful effect? Not long ago the world was mourning the death of the last of its kind, Northern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni), which was threatened to extinction because of poaching and habitat loss. This has raised a chain of reaction among different disciplines- professionals, practitioners, activists and scientists on the survival of other flora and fauna species. It is heartbreaking to witness the continuation and neglect of human results in bringing more species to the brink of extinction.
The increasing complexity of threats facing other wildlife has become a symbol of how humans have transformed essential components of nature, wildlife, biodiversity and landscapes, which are critical for sustainable development.
There is an urgent need for behavioural and perceptional change in the management of landscape and wildlife, a need to develop a sustainable culture for the sake of the future generation. Being nature-friendly irrespective of producer or consumer, to value and respect the products such as rhino horns and the services it offers. Several scientific evidence has proved the connection between the human actions and the services the ecosystem provides, the environment we live in is evident in our wellbeing. This is why organizations such as the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) regularly publish species on the brink of extinction, which ought to spout a rapid conservative reaction.
Despite the array of commitments, conservation policies and regulations formulated, there is still need to create a more proactive mechanism to drive and conservation message to local communities, stakeholders, private and public parastatals. Therefore, the protection of nature, preservation of animal space, maintenance of ecosystem equilibrium, biological conservation, land degradation and mass extinction should be given priority by the public and private parties in order to save the remaining species on the planet.
A pragmatic and collective conservation of biological diversity is essential for maintaining intact ecosystems. The destruction of national patrimonies like national parks and game reserves evidently affects this interconnectedness of nature thus its effect on human well-being. While conservation targets can be challenging because of the diverse interests, goals, the conscious effort and willingness taken to make informed choices. While some of this impact may not be evidently available thus the difficulty in convincing lessons can be learnt from impact from regions as a result of extinct species.
Extinction is as a result of consumer choices reduces the chances makes the chances of survival for the future species slim.Therefore their existence will only be possible if the long-term input on individuals behaviour is made possible.Social media has proved to be an effective campaign tool and can be leveraged on to achieve behavioural and conservative impact in both endangered species, land degradation, and the entire ecosystem.